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What is diabetes

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What is diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when the quantity of blood sugar in the bloodstream is pretty high. Normally, when the blood sugar increases, insulin hormone is responsible for keeping it under check. When the body is not able to produce the right quantity of insulin, the blood sugar level cannot be kept under control. This is when individuals suffer from diabetes. In some of the cases, the body cells become unresponsive to insulin. As a result, the quantity of blood sugar level does not go down either. In such a case, the patient is set to suffer from diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes are quite a few including frequent urination, feeling thirsty throughout and feeling consistently hungry.

We will share with you not just the symptoms of diabetes but also quite a few facts which will help you understand the disease better. If you’re suffering from diabetes, it is important to contact a medical practitioner as soon as possible. Only when you are able to do that, you can keep diabetes under check.

Facts about diabetes:
We will now list down some of the facts about diabetes which will help you better understand how dreaded the condition is and how prevalent it is.

• Diabetes is a condition which affects its victim for a long period of time.

• Type I diabetes occurs when the body is not able to produce insulin. Only 10% of the total cases of diabetes are of the type I type.

• Type II diabetes occurs when the quantity of insulin produced by the body is not appropriate. Approximately 90% of the cases of diabetes around the world are of type II.

• There is another type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes which affects females during pregnancy.

• The good news is that when you’re suffering from type I diabetes, leading a healthier lifestyle will help you overcome it.

• Patient suffering from type II diabetes need to be physically active and test your glucose levels from time to time. They have to ensure that they are taking their oral medication on time in order to keep the blood sugar level under control.

• Patients suffering from diabetes are at increased risk of cardiovascular problems. They need to monitor their blood pressure levels as well as cholesterol levels on a regular basis.

• If you’re suffering from diabetes, it is necessary to quit smoking. Smoking along with diabetes can be a grave danger to your health.

• A patient suffering from diabetes needs to keep his/her blood sugar levels under control. Neither, the blood sugar levels should be below the normal, neither it should be above.

After looking over some of the diabetes facts, you will be now are aware of how tricky it will be to tackle diabetes. This is the reason why it is important to get medical help when it comes to keeping the sugar levels under check.

Types of Diabetes:
Many people often inquire about the difference between type 1 and 2 diabetes consistently. However, the truth is that before you delve into the difference, it is important to look into the different types of diabetes. Once you are aware of the different type of diabetes, the differences will be self-explanatory for you.

• Type I diabetes:
Type I diabetes is not as common as type II diabetes. In type I diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. As a result, the blood sugar levels are not kept under control. In most of the cases, the doctors will advise you to consume insulin and leptin injections in order to bring the levels of insulin up to normal in the body. Also, the doctor will advise you frequent exercise and opt for a special diet. Only when you are able to do so, it will become easier for you to lead a normal lifestyle.

• Type II diabetes:
As we stated above, type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. 90% of the cases of diabetes in the world are of type II diabetes. That is why it is important to understand the difference between both in order to start the treatment as soon as possible.

When an individual is suffering from type II diabetes, the body is not able to produce a proper quantity of insulin. Type II diabetes can also occur when the body cells are immune to insulin. As a result, insulin resistance is developed. This ensures that the blood sugar levels can go on increasing. This is one of the main reasons why you need to take the treatment seriously when you’re suffering from any type of diabetes.

You need to keep in mind that when you’re suffering from type II diabetes, some of the symptoms like losing excess weight can be countered by following a proper diet. You have to also ensure that at all points in time; you have to monitor your blood sugar levels. When you are able to monitor your blood sugar levels, it will become easier for you to keep them under control and take your medication accordingly.

You need to; however, keep in mind that type II diabetes is a progressive disease. Over a period of time, it will only worsen. In most of the cases, if you’re suffering from type II diabetes for a longer period of time, you will have to take insulin medicines on a regular basis.

If you’re obese or if you’re overweight, you are more likely to suffer from type II diabetes. With the increase in weight, the probability of type II diabetes also increases significantly. This is the reason why you have to always keep your weight under control. Moreover, when you’re obese, certain chemicals are released in the body which results in improper functioning of the metabolic system and the cardiovascular system. This, in turn, causes the reduction in the production of insulin. In some of the cases, the body might become resistant to insulin. This results in high blood sugar levels.

You need to keep in mind that not only, you have to be physically active and fit but also you have to ensure that you are consuming the right kind of foodstuffs. Only when you are able to do so, it will become easier for you to reduce the probability of diabetes.

Also, type II diabetes is highly probable as your age increases. This is because as we get older, the metabolic activity in our body slows down. As a result, the fat deposition is accelerated. As the fat deposition is accelerated, you are more likely to suffer from type II diabetes.

Also, with age, testosterone levels in males also decrease. The decreased testosterone levels can also cause type II diabetes.

In case, you want to avoid type II diabetes, it is important to have an active lifestyle. You need to make sure that you are physically fit and active. Only when you are able to maintain a proper lifestyle, you will be able to avoid type II diabetes.

• Gestational diabetes:
Gestational diabetes only occurs in females. It is pretty common when women are pregnant. This is due to the high level of sugar in the body. Also, due to pregnancy, the body is not able to produce an appropriate quantity of insulin. As a result, the sugar levels remain on the higher side. Most of the doctors will actually check gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

In many of the cases, when such a diabetes type occurs, most of the doctors will advise their patients to control their diet as well as exercise on a regular basis. Only up to 20% of the pregnant woman who suffers from gestational diabetes will be required to actually take medications. If however, gestational diabetes is not detected in advance, it can cause problems during childbirth. This is the reason why many doctors check the blood sugar levels of the patient multiple times throughout the pregnancy. This is to ensure that gestational diabetes does not occur.

Thus, if you’re really interested in finding more about diabetes, these are the 3 type of diabetes which can occur. Apart from gestational diabetes, the other 2 type of diabetes can occur in any individual. We will now go into the symptoms of diabetes in order to provide you with a better idea about the medical condition.

Diabetes Symptoms:
In most of the cases, the signs of diabetes in men and women are directly visible. It is very rare that an individual will suffer from diabetes without showing any clear symptoms. This is the reason why diabetes can be detected in time quite easily. We will now list down some of the diabetes symptoms in men and women which will help you in the detection of the disease.

• Frequent urination:
If you have too much blood sugar, you will urinate more often. Since the insulin is ineffective, your body will be excreting the blood sugar through urine. This is the reason why you will be suffering from frequent urination. As the blood sugar level increases, the frequency of urination will also increase. In order to dilute the sugar in the bloodstream, kidneys will often consume more water which will again result in frequent urination.

• Frequent thirst:
As your body will be excreting water in greater quantity, you will suffer from frequent thirst. In order to replace the liquid lost by the body, you will feel thirstier.

• More hungry:
Since the insulin in the bloodstream will not be able to carry out its function, most of the cells in the body will not be able to get proper nutrients. As a result, there will be no generation of energy. This will mean that you will feel hunger more frequently. This is an indication of the body that it needs more nutrients in order to produce proper energy.

• Excessive weight gain:
Due to intense hunger and slow metabolic process, you might suffer from excessive weight gain when you’re suffering from diabetes.

• Constantly feeling tired:
As the body cells are not able to produce the right amount of energy, you will end up feeling constantly tired. As a result, you will not be able to go about your normal routine easily.

• Irritability:
Irritability can be associated with frequent hunger and lack of energy. This is also a very common symptom when you’re suffering from diabetes.

• Blurred vision:
Normally, when you’re suffering from diabetes, the body is not able to take care of the wear and tear. As a result, the tissues might be pulled from the eyes. This means that you will not be able to focus properly. Also, you can suffer from blurred vision as well. Only a professional medical expert will be able to solve this problem.

• Slow healing:
As the bloodstream is not able to supply the proper nutrients to the various cells of the body, any cuts or bruise will get healed a pretty slowly. Therefore, regular nursing of wound or cut needs to be done for a prolonged period of time. Also, there will be more loss of blood.

• Itchy skin:
Itchy skin is another symptom which is common when you’re suffering from diabetes.

• Skin infections:
When the blood sugar levels are more in the body, the ability of the body to fight the skin infection reduces drastically. This is the reason why it will become more difficult for you to avoid any kind of infections. This will cause a lot of problems as even minor infections will last for a longer period of time. This problem is not just related to the skin infections but infections anywhere in the body.

Thus, when you’re trying to decipher the symptoms of diabetes, you have to look at these few diabetes symptoms men and women. If you detect any of these, it is a good idea to consult a medical practitioner. Only a seasoned medical practitioner will be able to detect the symptoms and diagnose diabetes properly.

Difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
Now that you are aware of the types of diabetes, it is important to know the basic differences between both. Only when you are able to do that, you can understand the implications of suffering from any kind of diabetes.

Type I diabetes is often diagnosed during childhood. Normally, type II diabetes occurs after the age of 30.

Also, type I diabetes often does not result in excess body weight. On the other hand, type II diabetes results in this problem.

Type I diabetes often results in higher ketone levels. Type II diabetes results in high blood pressure and cardiovascular problems.

Type I diabetes can be treated with the help of insulin injections. Type II diabetes initially is treated without any kind of medication. Later on, the doctor might prescribe insulin medication.

Type I diabetes cannot be brought under control without taking insulin in one form or the other. Type II diabetes however in some of the cases can be controlled by controlling the diet and increasing the physical activity and reducing the weight.

Thus, when you’re trying to figure out the difference between type I and type II diabetes, these are the few points which you have to keep in mind. Only once you are aware of these few differences, it will become easier for you to understand both the diabetes types.

What is pre-diabetes?
Before suffering from type II diabetes, patients initially suffer from pre-diabetes. In pre-diabetes, the blood sugar levels are higher than normal. However, they are not as high as in type II diabetes. Also, this is the stage where the cells start becoming insulin resistant. Also, there is some kind of damage to the circulatory system. When an individual is suffering from pre-diabetes, the doctor will often advise the pre diabetes diet. With the help of the state, the blood sugar levels can be easily brought under control. This ensures that it is not necessary for the person to suffer from diabetes. The blood sugar levels once brought under control will result in normal circulatory functions in the body of the individual.

Treatment for Diabetes:
People who want to know about the cure for diabetes or how to reverse diabetes. They often search for- can diabetes be reversed. The truth is that a lot depends on the diabetes type which you are suffering from. Before searching is there a cure for diabetes, it is important to diagnose the correct type of diabetes. Only once you are able to know about the type of diabetes which you are suffering from, can you search for how to get rid of diabetes or is type 2 diabetes reversible.

Type I diabetes treatment:
When you’re suffering from type I diabetes, it is important to monitor your blood sugar levels constantly. There are a few steps which you can undertake in order to lead a more normal life. We will highlight these steps below.
• Self-monitoring for keeping sugar in check:
You need to keep in mind that 1st of all; you have to continuously monitor your blood sugar levels. When you are able to consistently monitor your blood sugar levels, after that only you will be able to decide whether it is being kept in check with the help of insulin which you are consuming or not. Also, plenty of times your insulin intake will be dependent on the blood sugar levels which you have. That is why you have to constantly think about monitoring the blood sugar levels. Only once you are able to do that, it will become easier for you to keep the blood sugar level under control.
• Food Planning:
Normally, when you’re suffering from type I diabetes, it is important for you to always monitor the food which you are consuming. You have to speak with your dietician in order to ensure that you are able to lead the right kind of diet. Moreover, you have to avoid fatty foodstuffs. In addition to that, you have to avoid consuming a high quantity of carbohydrates. You had to avoid foodstuffs like pasta, bread, etc. When you are able to do that, which is only when you will be able to lead a healthier life.

On the other hand, you have to avoid any kind of foodstuff which will increase your blood sugar levels. You have to avoid drinks like soda. When you are able to avoid sugar and carbohydrates, then only you can be sure that with the help of insulin medication you will be able to keep your blood sugar under control. If you’re just taking insulin without actually avoiding the fats and carbohydrates, it will be very difficult for you to keep the blood sugar level under control. That is why you have to monitor the number of carbohydrates and fats which you are consuming on a consistent basis.

• Taking Insulin:
You need to keep in mind that only the doctor will be able to prescribe you the right kind of insulin medications which you can consume. You can consume injections or oral medication. Only the doctor will be able to let you know the type of medication which you want to consume. That is why it is important for you to consult a medical practitioner in order to understand how you have to consume insulin.

• Physical exercise:
You have to also understand that you have to opt for proper physical exercise from time to time. This will ensure that your cardiac health is improved. When your cardiac health is improved, you do not have to worry about suffering from a heart attack. Moreover, there can be a lot of cardiac problems when you’re suffering from diabetes type I. That is why, in addition to monitoring your blood sugar levels, it is always a good idea to monitor the cholesterol levels. Only when you are able to do so, you can avoid any kind of cardiovascular problem.

Thus, when you’re looking for the treatment for type I diabetes, these are the few courses of action which will be advised by your doctor. You have to follow them on a religious basis in order to get good results.

Type II diabetes treatment:
While almost in all the cases, in type I diabetes the doctor will be prescribing you an insulin injection or insulin medication but same is not the case when you’re speaking about type II diabetes. The doctor will try to avoid giving you insulin injections or insulin medication as long as possible. That is why; there are quite a few different treatments which are available for type II diabetes. You have to look at the probable treatments and thereafter you will understand how a doctor goes about it. The final call will be of the doctor as to whether insulin medications should be used or not.

• Checking the blood sugar level:
The 1st and foremost thing which you have to keep in mind when you’re suffering from any type of diabetes is to check the blood sugar levels periodically. When you are able to do that, you can not only determine whether the blood sugar level is under control but also determine whether the treatment is working or not. That is why; you have to always check the blood sugar levels from time to time. In case, you’re sick, you have to also check the amount of ketones in your body as well. Once you are able to look into both of these factors, thereafter only it will become easier for you to find out the benefit of the treatment.

• Controlling your diet:
You need to understand that there is no specific diabetes diet. The diet which the doctor will give prescribing you will be according to your lifestyle as well as your health. That is why; you have to opt for a customized diet. One thing which is for sure is that you cannot continue the normal diet which you were taking prior to this point. That is why; your diet will always change. In addition to that, there will be specific restrictions on carbs, sweets, and fats. This is done to ensure that the blood sugar level can remain under control. If you continue taking these nutrients in the same amounts, it can lead to health complications. That is why; the doctor will be placing the restrictions. Moreover, certain foodstuffs will be prohibited.

• Exercise:
When you work out on a regular basis or indulging in any kind of physical activity, you will be able to lower your blood sugar levels. This ensures that the cells are able to use insulin. As a result, the blood sugar level goes down. You need to ensure that before the exercise and after the exercise, you’re checking your blood sugar levels. Once you are able to do that, it will become much easier for you to keep the blood sugar level under check.

Diet, as well as exercise, are 2 very important type of treatments which most of the doctors advice. In many of the cases, during the initial stages, these are the only 2 type of treatments which the doctors will be using. In case, they do not work, thereafter only the doctors will be asking you to opt for the pills.

• Pills:
Pills are recommended when exercise and dieting are not working as they should. Along with the pills as well, you will be required to opt for a proper diet as well as exercise. With the help of pills, insulin can be injected into your body. As a result, the blood sugar levels can be brought under control as well. This ensures that you are able to have the sugar levels in the proper range.

In some of the cases, the doctor may prescribe you the cholesterol-reducing drugs. This is done when you are obese or when you’re overweight. Most of the doctors will advise you to get your cholesterol levels checked regularly when you’re suffering from diabetes. In case, there is anything alarming, the doctors will also advise you cholesterol-reducing medication.

Thus, these are the treatments which are actually used for type II diabetes.

This brings us to a very important question as to whether the effects of diabetes are reversible. This question arises because diabetes Type II is caused by a reduction in production of insulin. If in any way, the body can be forced to produce the right quantity of insulin, is type 2 diabetes reversible? We will try to address this question below.
Is type 2 diabetes reversible?
Even though theoretically type II diabetes can be reversed but that is actually a very rare case. You will have to lose weight and also take your pills on time and need a pretty active lifestyle in order to reverse it.

Also, the changes which you make to your diet should not be temporary. They should be long-term changes. You will have to lead a healthier lifestyle. Only when you are able to do that, there is the certain probability of reversing the condition. The primary factor in the reversal of type II diabetes is weight loss. You have to make sure that you are not obese or overweight anymore.

Can you get diabetes from eating too much sugar?
The truth is, consuming more sugar cannot cause diabetes directly. However, indirectly it can lead to diabetes. As you consume more sugar, your weight will increase. As the weight increases, the probability of type II diabetes also goes up. Thus, directly sugar will not cause diabetes but indirectly, it increases the probability of making you suffer from type II diabetes.

Thus, if you’re not aware of the effects and symptoms of diabetes, it is important to use this as a guide in order to gain more knowledge about diabetes. Also, in case you think that you’re suffering from any of the symptoms of diabetes; it is a good idea to consult a medical practitioner as soon as possible. Instead of self-diagnosis, you have to always take an expert opinion before coming to any kind of conclusion. Diabetes if tackled in the right way can have an almost negligible impact on your lifestyle in the long term.

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